1 南通大学附属海安医院五官科，江苏 南通 226600
2 南京医科大学附属口腔医院口腔颌面外科，南京 210000
目的：调查舌癌患者的疼痛水平、自我效能感水平，并分析疼痛水平与自我效能感水平间的相关性。方法：采用问卷调查的方法，在两家三级综合医院口腔科，根据纳入排除标准便利抽取研究对象，采用一般资料调查表、简明疼痛问卷、慢性疼痛自我效能问卷(chronic pain self-efficacy，CPSS)进行调查。结果：来自2家三级综合医院口腔科的276名研究对象参与本研究，疼痛评分为6.34±0.98，CPSS条目平均分为2.85±0.65，疼痛管理自我效能感量表(Self-Efficacy for Pain Management，PSE)条目平均分为2.48±0.39，躯体性自我效能感量(Self-Efficacy for Physical Function，FSE)条目平均分为3.06±0.57，症状应对自我效能感量表(Self-Efficacy for Coping with Symptoms，CSE)条目平均分为2.63±0.29；疼痛水平与自我效能感的相关系数为−0.528(P<0.01)。结论：舌癌患者的疼痛水平较高、自我效能感水平欠佳，疼痛水平与自我效能感水平呈负相关。
Correlation between pain level and self-efficacy in patients with tongue cancer
CorrespondingAuthor: HUANG Yingxiang
This work was supported by the 2015 Guidance and Scientific Research Project of Jiangsu Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission, China (Z201516).
Objective: To investigate the level of pain and self-efficacy in patients with tongue cancer, and to analyze the correlation between pain and self-efficacy. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted in the Department of Stomatology in two tertiary comprehensive hospitals. The subjects were conveniently selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and were investigated using a general data questionnaire, Brief Pain Inventory-short form, and chronic pain self-efficacy (CPSS) questionnaire. Results: A total of 276 subjects from the dental departments of two tertiary general hospitals participated in the study. The pain score was 6.34±0.98, the average score of CPSS was 2.85±0.65, the average score of Self-Efficacy for Pain Management (PSE) was 2.48±0.39, and the average score of Self-Efficacy for Physical Function (FSE) was 3.06±. At 0.57, the average score of Self-Efficacy for Coping with Symptoms (CSE) was 2.63±0.29; the correlation coefficient between pain level and self-efficacy was −0.528 (P<0.01). Conclusion: Patients with tongue cancer have higher levels of pain, poor self-efficacy, and a negative correlation between pain levels and self-efficacy.
tongue cancer; pain; self-efficacy; correlation