文章摘要

子宫肌瘤介入术后患者健康信息素养与自我感受负担的相关性

作者: 1温少铭, 1冼建珍, 1陈瑞微, 1梁威飘, 2宋海平
1 肇庆市第二人民医院 介入科,广东 肇庆 526060
2 肇庆市第二人民医院妇科,广东 肇庆 526060
通讯: 温少铭 Email: wen603322@163.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2019.12.029
基金: 肇庆市科技创新指导类项目(201904031334)。

摘要

目的:了解子宫肌瘤介入术后患者健康信息素养与自我感受负担的现状,并分析二者的关系。方法:选择2017年1月至2019年5月在肇庆市第二人民医院行介入治疗的169例子宫肌瘤患者,应用一般情况调查表、自我感受负担量表和健康信息素养自评量表进行调查,数据采用SPSS 22.0进行统计分析。结果:本组共计纳入169例患者,患者的自我感受负担得分为32.54±11.11,其中重度负担23例(13.6%),中度负担92例(54.4%),轻度负担54例(32.0%);患者的健康信息素养得分为91.73±13.73,信息道德是得分率最高的维度,为76.6%,信息应用是得分率最低的维度,为52.9%;信息获取、信息评价、信息道德、信息应用、信息认知、信息素养总分与自我感受负担得分呈负相关,相关性系数依次为−0.394,−0.196,−0.247,−0.185,−0.200,−0.577,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);进一步行多元线性回归分析可知,健康信息素养各维度均对自我感受负担具有独立影响作用,共可解释32.5%的方差变异量。结论:子宫肌瘤介入术后患者健康信息素养水平相对较低,并且具有较严重的自我感受负担,临床医护人员应加强健康教育以提升其健康信息素养水平,从而降低其自我感受负担。
关键词: 子宫肌瘤;介入治疗;信息素养;自我感受负担;相关性

Correlation between health information literacy and self-perceived burden in patients with uterine leiomyoma after interventional surgery

Authors: 1WEN Shaoming, 1XIAN Jianzhen, 1CHEN Ruiwei, 1LIANG Weipiao, 2SONG Haiping
1 Department of Intervention, Zhaoqing Second People’s Hospital, Zhaoqing Guangdong 526060, China
2 Department of Gynecology, Zhaoqing Second People’s Hospital, Zhaoqing Guangdong 526060, China

CorrespondingAuthor: WEN Shaoming Email: wen603322@163.com

DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2019.12.029

Foundation: This work was supported by the Zhaoqing Science and Technology Innovation Guidance Project, China (201904031334).

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the clinical status of health information literacy and self-perceived burden in patients with uterine leiomyoma after interventional surgery, and to analyze the relationship between them. Methods: 169 patients with uterine leiomyoma who underwent interventional therapy in our hospital from January 2017 to May 2019 were investigated by general situation questionnaire, self-perceived burden scale and health information literacy self-assessment scale. The data were analyzed by SPSS 22.0. Results: A total of 169 patients were enrolled in this study. The score of self-perceived burden was 32.54±11.11. Among them, 23 (13.6%) had heavy burden, 92 (54.4%) had moderate burden and 54 (32.0%) had light burden. The score of health information literacy was 91.73±13.73. Information morality was the highest dimension, with a scored rate of 76.6%, and information application was the lowest dimension, with a scored rate of 52.9%. Information acquisition, information evaluation, information morality, information application, information cognition and information literacy were negatively correlated with self-perceived burden scores, and the correlation coefficients were −0.394, −0.196, −0.247, −0.185, −0.200, −0.577, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Further multiple linear regression analysis showed that all dimensions of health information literacy had independent effects on self-perceived burden, which could explain 32.5% variance. Conclusion: The health information literacy level of patients with uterine leiomyoma after interventional therapy is relatively low and has a serious burden of self-perception. Clinicians and nurses should strengthen health education to improve their health information literacy level, so as to reduce their burden of self-perception.
Keywords: uterine leiomyoma; interventional therapy; information literacy; self-perceived burden; relevance