文章摘要

快速康复护理在膝关节置换术患者围手术期应用的护理效果

作者: 1钱冬梅, 1石红, 1周文娟
1 海安市人民医院骨科,江苏 海安 226600
通讯: 钱冬梅 Email: 841575126@qq.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2020.08.037

摘要

目的:研究膝关节置换术患者围术期采用快速康复护理的临床效果。方法:病例样本为2017年1月至2020年1月海安市人民医院收治的84例膝关节置换术孔患者,分组方式为随机数字表法,平均划分为两组:研究组和对照组,两组样本量保持一致(n=42),对照组患者护理方案为常规基础围术期护理,研究组患者护理方案为快速康复护理,研究比较组间护理效果。结果:评估组间护理干预后视觉模拟评分法(Visual Analogue Scale,VAS)疼痛评分、膝关节功能评分(Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score,HSS)、膝关节活动范围评分(Range of Motion,ROM),研究组均优于对照组(P<0.05)。评估组间术后进食时间、离床活动时间、住院时间,研究组均低于对照组(P<0.05),评估组间护理满意度,研究组高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:膝关节置换术患者围术期护理中应用快速康复护理效果显著,值得临床推广应用。
关键词: 快速康复护理;膝关节置换术;围术期;护理效果

Nursing effect of rapid rehabilitation nursing in perioperative period of knee replacement patients

Authors: 1QIAN Dongmei, 1SHI Hong, 1ZHOU Wenjuan
1 Department of Orthopaedics, Hai’an People’s Hospital, Hai’an Jiangsu 226600, China

CorrespondingAuthor: QIAN Dongmei Email: 841575126@qq.com

DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2020.08.037

Abstract

Objective: To study the clinical effect of rapid rehabilitation nursing in patients undergoing knee replacement surgery. Methods: The case samples were 84 knee arthroplasty patients admitted in our hospital from January 2017 to January 2020. The grouping method was a random number table method, which was divided into 2 groups, namely the study group and the control group. The sample size of the two groups remained the same (n=42). The nursing plan of the control group was routine basic perioperative nursing, and the nursing plan of the study group was rapid rehabilitation nursing. Results: The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain score, knee function score, and knee range score were evaluated after the nursing intervention between the groups. The study group was better than the control group (P<0.05). The postoperative feeding time, bedtime activity time, and length of hospital stay between the evaluation groups were lower in the study group than in the control group (P<0.05), and the nursing satisfaction among the evaluation groups was higher than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The application of rapid rehabilitation nursing in perioperative nursing of knee replacement patients is effective and worthy of clinical application.
Keywords: rapid rehabilitation nursing; knee replacement; perioperative period; nursing effect