文章摘要

思维导图引导家庭式康复护理对股骨粗隆间骨折术后恢复的影响

作者: 1张萌
1 哈尔滨医科大学附属第二医院骨外一科,哈尔滨 150086
通讯: 张萌 Email: 1324824314@qq.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2021.06.022

摘要

目的:分析思维导图引导家庭式康复护理对股骨粗隆间骨折术后恢复的影响,为临床康复护理提供依据。方法:纳入2017年12月至2019年12月哈尔滨医科大学附属第二医院的150例股骨粗隆间骨折患者为研究对象。按随机数表法分为对照组和观察组,各75例。对照组给予常规护理模式,观察组在对照组基础上,采用思维导图引导家庭式康复护理模式。3个月后,观察两组焦虑自评量表(Self-Rating Anxiety Scale,SAS)、抑郁自评量表(Self-Rating Depression Scale,SDS)、生活质量评分及并发症的差异。结果:护理前,两组患者的SAS和SDS评分差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05);护理后,观察组的SAS和SDS评分显著低于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。护理前,两组生活质量评分比较差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05);护理后,观察组的一般状态、躯体疼痛、生理机能、生理职能、情感职能、精神健康、社会功能评分均明显高于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05);观察组的总并发症发生率(4.0%)明显低于对照组(13.3%),差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05)。结论:思维导图引导家庭式康复护理对股骨粗隆间骨折术后恢复效果显著,可明显改善患者心理状况,提高患者生活质量,减少并发症,在临床中值得推广应用。
关键词: 思维导图;家庭式康复护理;股骨粗隆间骨折;生活质量;并发症;心理状况

Influence of family rehabilitation nursing guided by mind map on postoperative recovery of intertrochanteric fracture of femur

Authors: 1ZHANG Meng
1 First Department of Orthopedics, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China

CorrespondingAuthor: ZHANG Meng Email: 1324824314@qq.com

DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2021.06.022

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the influence of family rehabilitation nursing guided by mind map on postoperative recovery of intertrochanteric fracture of femur, and to provide a basis for clinical rehabilitation nursing. Methods: A total of 150 patients with intertrochanteric fracture of femur from December 2017 to December 2019 were selected and divided into a control group (n=75) and an observation group (n=75) according to the method of random number table. The control group was given routine nursing mode, and the observation group was given family rehabilitation nursing guided by mind map on the basis of the control group. The differences of Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), quality of life score, and complications between the 2 groups were observed 3 months after the operation. Results: Before nursing, there was no significant difference in SAS and SDS scores between the 2 groups (P>0.05); after nursing, the scores of SAS and SDS in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); before nursing, the quality of life scores of the 2 groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05); after nursing, the scores of general state, physical pain, physiological function, physiological function, emotional function, mental health and social function in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The total complication rate of the observation group (4.0%) was significantly lower than that of the control group (13.3%), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Family rehabilitation nursing guided by mind map has a significant effect on the postoperative recovery of intertrochanteric fracture of femur, which can significantly improve the psychological status of patients, improve the quality of life of patients, and reduce complications, and is worth popularizing and applying in clinical practice.
Keywords: mind map; family rehabilitation nursing; intertrochanteric fracture of femur; quality of life; complications; psychological status