文章摘要

焦虑、抑郁对成人癫痫患者生活质量的影响

作者: 1黄远鑫, 1李育
1 中南大学湘雅医院临床护理学教研室,长沙 410008
通讯: 李育 Email: liyu19810122@163.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2021.08.018

摘要

目的:分析焦虑、抑郁对癫痫患者生活质量的影响。方法:选取2020年中南大学湘雅医院神经内科全年收治的194例确诊为癫痫的患者进行调查,采用电子调查问卷的方式获取癫痫患者的一般人口学情况、癫痫的情况、依从性、抑郁、焦虑情况以及患者对目前生活质量的评价,利用ordered probit回归分析法分析各因素对患者生活质量的影响。结果:癫痫患者抑郁、焦虑的患病率较高,患有抑郁、焦虑的癫痫患者的生活质量与未患的患者显著不同;回归分析显示焦虑、抑郁均对癫痫患者的生活质量有显著不利的影响。结论:为改善癫痫患者的生活质量,我们应积极关注患者的心理状况,及时发现患者的焦虑、抑郁情况,及时干预治疗。
关键词: 癫痫;发作;生活质量;焦虑;抑郁

Effects of anxiety and depression on the quality of life in patients with epilepsy

Authors: 1HUANG Yuanxin, 1LI Yu
1 Teaching and Research Section of Clinical Nursing, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China

CorrespondingAuthor: LI Yu Email: liyu19810122@163.com

DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2021.08.018

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effects of anxiety and depression on the quality of life in patients with epilepsy. Methods: A total of 194 patients with epilepsy were recruited, and a cross-sectional survey design was conducted by using electronic questionnaire which contains questions covering demographic factors, the condition of epilepsy, medication compliance, depression, anxiety, and quality of life. The ordered probit regression was performed to evaluate the effects of factors on the quality of life in patients with epilepsy. Results: The prevalence of depression and anxiety is high in patients with epilepsy, and the quality of life in patients with epilepsy with anxiety/depression or not is significantly different. Regression analysis showed that anxiety and depression had significant negative effects on the quality of life in patients with epilepsy. Conclusion: More attention should be paid to the psychological status of patients with epilepsy to improve the quality of life in patients with epilepsy. Early notice and early intervention of anxiety and depression is important for the quality of life in patients with epilepsy.
Keywords: epilepsy; seizure; quality of life; anxiety; depression