文章摘要

精神分裂症恢复期应用团体生物反馈疗法及心理护理的效果

作者: 1于秀梅, 1王岩, 1金玉玉, 2毛红岩, 2程晓东
1 宿州市第二人民医院精神康复科,安徽 宿州 234000
2 宿州市第二人民医院精神科,安徽 宿州 234000
通讯: 于秀梅 Email: yxm966888@163.com
DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2022.04.013

摘要

目的:探究精神分裂症恢复期应用团体生物反馈疗法及心理护理的效果。方法:选择2020年7月至2021年3月宿州市第二人民医院接诊的120例精神分裂症患者,按照随机数表法分为观察组与对照组,每组60例。对照组进行常规的护理内容,观察组给予团体生物反馈疗法联合心理护理治疗,两组患者均持续治疗8周。比较两组患者治疗8周后的临床疗效,治疗前、治疗8周后阳性与阴性症状量表(Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale,PANSS)评分、住院病人观察量表(Nurses’ Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation,NOSIE-30)评分、住院精神病人康复疗效评定量表(Inpatient Psychiatric Rehabilitation Outcome Scale,IPROS)评分变化以及治疗的依从性。结果:与对照组相比,观察组的总有效率明显更高(P<0.05);经过治疗后,两组的PANSS评分中阳性因子、阴性因子、一般精神病理分数及总分、NOSIE-30评分、IPROS评分均明显低于治疗前,且观察组PANSS评分中阳性因子、阴性因子、一般精神病理分数及总分、NOSIE-30评分、IPROS评分均明显比对照组低(P<0.05);与对照组相比,观察组的治疗依从率明显更高(P<0.05)。结论:精神分裂症恢复期应用团体生物反馈疗法心理护理的效果明显,值得临床推广应用。
关键词: 精神分裂症;恢复期;团体生物反馈疗法;心理护理;阳性与阴性症状量表;疗效

Effect of group biofeedback therapy and psychological nursing on convalescence of schizophrenia

Authors: 1YU Xiumei, 1WANG Yan, 1JIN Yuyu, 2MAO Hongyan, 3CHENG Xiaodong
1 Department of Mental Rehabilitation, Suzhou Second People’s Hospital, Suzhou Anhui 234000, China
2 Department of Psychiatry, Suzhou Second People’s Hospital, Suzhou Anhui 234000, China
3 Department of Psychiatry, 
Suzhou Second People’s Hospital, Suzhou Anhui 234000, China

CorrespondingAuthor: YU Xiumei Email: yxm966888@163.com

DOI: 10.3978/j.issn.2095-6959.2022.04.013

Abstract

Objective: To study the effect of group biofeedback therapy and psychological nursing in convalescence of schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 120 patients with schizophrenia admitted to our hospital from July 2020 to March 2021 were selected, they were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group by random number table method, with 60 cases in each group. The control group received routine nursing, and the observation group was given group biofeedback therapy combined with psychological nursing. Both groups were treated for 8 weeks. The clinical efficacy after 8 weeks of treatment, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score, Nurses’ Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation (NOSIE-30) score, Inpatient Psychiatric Rehabilitation Outcome Scale (IPROS) score before and after 8 weeks of treatment, and treatment compliance of the two groups were compared. Results: Compared with the control group, the total effective rate in the observation group was higher (P<0.05); after treatment, the positive factors, negative factors, general psychopathology scores and total scores of the PANSS score, NOSIE-30 score and IPROS score in two groups were significantly lower than that of before treatment, and compared with the control group, the positive factors, negative factors, general psychopathology scores and total scores of the PANSS score NOSIE-30 score and IPROS score in the observation group patients were lower (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the treatment compliance rate in the observation group was higher (P<0.05). Conclusion: The effect of group biofeedback therapy and psychological nursing in convalescent schizophrenia is obvious, which is worthy of clinical application.
Keywords: schizophrenia; convalescence; group biofeedback therapy; psychological nursing; Positive and Negative Symptom Scale; curative effect